For indonesian version
That's not the first time Mount Merapi turn to this turmoil. In mid 2006, the most active volcano in the world is spewing hot clouds and avalanches of material that moves with the speed of 150 kilometers per hour with the temperature reached 500 degrees Celsius. In rainy season, 2007, Merapi threatens again.
As one of the volcano, Mount Merapi is the most active and dangerous in the world. The most deadly volcanic activity occurred in 1930 up to 1400 casualties. In 1006, the entire island of Java is covered by volcanic ash.
For the Javanese, Merapi is considered sacred because the source of spiritual strength. Each year even held ritual offerings to Mount Merapi to not upset. Locals believe Merapi could give their fortune from the soil fertility and also the rest of volcanic material which is used as the source of income citizens.
Merapi is very active. This mountain had two periods of short-term repeated eruptions of two to three years and the long term 15-30 years. Now in 2010, re-cast a charm when Merapi volcano alert status of Merapi otherwise.
Mount Merapi is the youngest in a collection of volcanoes in the southern part of Java Island. The mountain is located in the subduction zone, where the Indo-Australian plate continues to move down the Eurasian Plate. The eruption in the area lasted from 400,000 years ago, and up to 10,000 years ago kind of eruption is effusive. After that, the eruptions become explosive, with lava flows that cause thick lava domes.
Small eruptions occur every 2-3 years, and the larger about 10-15 years. Merapi eruptions big impact among others in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872, and 1930. Large eruption in 1006 made the whole central part of Java island shrouded in gray. It is estimated, the eruption caused the Ancient Mataram Kingdom should move to East Java. Eruption in 1930 destroyed 13 villages and killed 1400 people.
The eruption in November 1994 causing clouds blowing heat down to reach some villages and claimed dozens of human lives. July 19, 1998 eruption is big enough but it pointed up so it does not take casualties. Note the last eruption of this mountain was in 2001-2003 in the form of high activity are ongoing.